How to Set-up IP Cameras by Triquetra CCTV Consultants
Our training on DVR-based systems using a PoE switch or injector to add IP cameras.
Understanding the NETWORK
Under the rule defined as, “best practices” to set-up security cameras for stable remote viewing, we first will need to learn how many routers make up the network. To do so, bring up a Command Prompt and type: ipconfig and note the default gateway. Next… type: tracert 188.8.131.52.
Please pay attention to the first 3 lines in the results and remember, only local routers have a recognizable IP address such as 192.168.1.1, 192.168.0.1, 10.1.10.1. Look for the default gateway in the list to see where it is located in the chain.
Lets say when you typed ipconfig in command line the default gateway provided was shown as: 192.168.2.1
Example using tracert 184.108.40.206 – Line #1 192.168.1.1 and Line #2 192.168.2.1 we can assume you are connected to a “third-party” router that is connected to your ISP router. This is NOT the ideal device for connecting your DVR and PoE equipment. Please try to locate and utilize the ISP router. i.e. Router #1 Otherwise, please review our tutorial on Dual Router Port Forwarding
The Hardware of a Network Communication Chain
Don’t overthink this, each device represents a new link in the network communication chain:
A) Connect the DVR to Router #1 on the network and then, assign a compatible IP address and configure port forwarding to the device.
B) Once you’ve networked the DVR, connect a PoE switch or injector to Router #1 on the network.
C) Next, using Cat5 or Cat6, Connect an IP Camera to the PoE switch or injector you’ve just installed. It is recommended that you use, high-quality shielded Copper data lines to maintain proper network communication.
The Software of a Network Communication Chain
* Note: The default IP address of network cameras is: 192.168.1.108
Obviously when your gateway is 172.16.0.1 you should know that you will need to update the camera’s address to one that corresponds to the appropriate network.
Connect your laptop to the same network and Open Config Tool and then run a search to find all devices currently connected to the network regardless of their current IP configurations. Edit the device’s network configuration then save your work.
Refer to this Example of a Network Hierarchy:
Router #1 The ISP Router’s default gateway is: 192.168.1.1
The DVR has been assigned with the address: 192.168.1.28
assign the IP camera with an address such as: 192.168.1.128
*Make sure to include the correct Default Gateway and Subnet Mask 255.255.255.0 and assign a user name and password to each camera.
Configure the DVR to recognize the IP Camera
Next, you will need to Log in to the DVR and go to Camera Settings > Channel Type and update the corresponding channel to IP in order to view the camera within the system. Register the new IP Camera(s) as remote devices. When using SmartPSS, go to Device CFG, select the DVR > Camera > Remote Devices and add the IP Cameras.
Now finish the task by optimizing the camera for “best practices” configure the Record Schedule to Motion Only then adjust the Heat Map to reduce false alarms and wasted disc space.